Coronavirus (COVID-19): Preventions and Symptoms

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Preventions and Symptoms

What is Coronavirus (COVID-19) ?

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment.  Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.


To prevent disease and to slow transmission of COVID-19, do the accompanying:

  • Wash your hands routinely with regular soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Keep up at least 1.5-meter distance among you and individuals coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid contacting your face.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when sneezing.
  • Stay at home if you feel unwell.
  • Forgo smoking and different exercises that weaken the lungs.
  • Practice social distancing by avoiding travel and avoiding enormous gatherings of people.


COVID-19 influences various people in various manners. Most infected people will create gentle to moderate illness and recover without the hospital.

Most basic symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Dry cough
  • Tiredness

Less common symptoms:

  • Body pain
  • Sore throat
  • Diarrhea
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Migraine
  • Loss of taste or smell
  • Rashes on the skin, or discoloration of fingers or toes

Serious symptoms:

  • Trouble breathing or shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Loss of speech

Look for sure-fire clinical attention if you have these serious symptoms. Call before visiting your physician or health facility.

People with mild symptoms who are in any case healthy must deal with their symptoms at home.

Normally it takes 5–6 days from when somebody is infected with the infection for symptoms to appear, or it can take as long as 14 days.

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